Wed Dec 13 2017, 8:36:14 +03

India uses excessive force in Kashmir: Amnesty International says

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London-AlummahWorld - Amnesty International criticized Wednesday the Indian security forces' use of "excessive" and "arbitrary" force against protesters in disputed Jammu and Kashmir.

“Security forces used arbitrary or excessive force against demonstrators on several occasions. In August, Shabir Ahmad Monga, a lecturer, was beaten to death by army soldiers,” the human rights group said in its annual report.

Amnesty said the Indian government was using “crude, colonial-era sedition law” to “silence government critics,” adding "human rights activists and journalists in India faced intimidation and attacks from both state and non-state actors."

The report highlighted the killing of protesters after the killing of a leader of the Hizbul Mujahideen armed group last July, and how security forces used "pellet-firing shotguns, which are inherently inaccurate and indiscriminate".

It also mentioned the curfew imposed by the Jammu and Kashmir government for over two months during which “private landline, mobile and Internet service providers suspended their services for weeks on orders from state authorities".

"The communications shutdown undermined a range of human rights. Residents reported being unable to reach medical assistance in cases of emergencies," the report read.

Covering 159 countries, the report warned against the growth of "politics of demonization" and “the ongoing global crises exacerbated by a debilitating absence of human rights leadership on a chaotic world stage".

"Today’s politics of demonization shamelessly peddles a dangerous idea that some people are less human than others… Divisive fear-mongering has become a dangerous force in world affairs," Secretary-General of Amnesty International, Salil Shetty said.

"2016 was the year when the cynical use of ‘us vs them’ narratives of blame, hate and fear took on a global prominence to a level not seen since the 1930s."

Kashmir, a Muslim-majority Himalayan region, is held by India and Pakistan in parts and claimed by both in full. A small sliver of Kashmir is also held by China.

The two countries have fought three wars in 1948, 1965 and 1971 since they were partitioned in 1947, two of which were fought over Indian occupied Kashmir. Indian occupied forces killed hundreds of thousands Kashmiris and countless women being raped since independence movement of Kashmiris. 

Kashmiri resistance groups in Occupied Jammu and Kashmir have been fighting against Indian rule for independence, or for unification with neighboring Pakistan. More than 70,000 people have reportedly been killed in the conflict since 1989. India maintains more than half a million troops in the disputed region. Since inauguration of Indian prime minister Narendra Modi administration, targeted killing of Kashmiris intesified with thousands of man, women and children were targrted with pellet guns.

Since mid-July last year, when the wave of protests against the Indian military presence in Kashmir started, more than 570 patients witin a month have reported to Srinagar’s main government hospital with eyes ruptured by lead pellets, sometimes known as birdshot, fired by security forces armed with pump-action shotguns to disperse crowds.