Wed Oct 18 2017, 17:41:44 +03

مسجد
Masjid

Masjid Al Haram, Makkah Al Mukarramah, Saudi Arabia 

Masjid مسجد is place of worship for Muslims. Mosque is the English name for the Masjid, a place of Muslim worship. Muslims discourage to use English term Mosque and use of appropriate word MASJID is appreciated.

Masjids are found all over the world, and often reflect the local culture, heritage, and resources of its community. Although Masjid designs vary, there are some features that nearly all Masjids have in common.

Masjid An Nabvi (PBUH), Madina Al Munawwarah-Saudi Arabia


The Masjid is considered to be the community center for Muslims. The Masjid represents the nucleus of the Muslim family and community. Daily prayers are offered five times throughout segments of the day. After prayers are offered, Muslims gather for brief discussion and interaction with one another. This interaction maintains a level of unity in the community by fostering social, spiritual, and economic bonds.

Masjid Al Nabvi (PBUH) Internal view


On Friday afternoons, Muslims hold their weekly congregational prayer known in the Arabic language as Salat Al Jummah, which means congregation of Friday prayer. This weekly ritual provides the Muslim community the opportunity to be reminded and encouraged to live a virtuous life, and to have a positive impact to improve the society and environment in which they live. The message called Khutba is delivered by the Imam of the Masjid.

 

Imam giving sermon at Tokyo Jamii 

The Imam is the leader of the Salat, the prayer and also sever as a community leader on many occasion. He is respected and looked up to for spiritual guidance and advice. In order to provide practical solutions and guidance for the challenges we face in our daily lives, the Imam must be well versed in the Qur’an, the word or the guidance of Allah for Muslims, and the Hadith, which represents the sayings and compassionate traditions of Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), and the wisdom of the contextual applications.

Key parts of a Masjid

Masjid Al Nabvi (PBUH), Madina Al Munawwarah- Saudi Arabia

 

منارة
Minaret 

Masjid Al Nabvi Minaret after sunset

 

Masjid Nabvi (PBUH) Minaret at night

 

Minaret: A minaret, manāra (منارة) in Arabic), meaning "lighthouse" is a slim tower rising from a Masjid, from which the adhan may be called. Early Masjids did not have minarets; the adhan was simply called from any high point near the Masjid to call people to the Masjid for the prayers. In modern times, microphones and speakers are often used to project the adhan, but minarets remain a common element in Masjid architecture throughout the world.
Minarets are always attached to a Masjid, and vary in height and style. Minarets may be square, round, or octagonal and are usually covered with a pointed roof. A Masjid may have one or more minarets. 

محراب‎
Mihrab

 

 Masjid Al Nabvi Mihrab

 

Mihrab: Mihrab محراب  is an ornamental indentation in the wall of a Masjid, which marks the direction of the qiblah, the Kaaba. Mihrabs vary in size and color, but are usually shaped like a doorway and decorated with tiles and calligraphy to make it stand out. In addition to marking the qiblah, the niche helped to amplify the voice of the Imam during congregational prayer. In modern times, microphones are usually used for this purpose. The traditional mihrab is a common element of Masjid architecture throughout the world.

 

 منبر
Minbar

Imam giving sermon from Minbar of Tokyo Jamii

 

Minbar: Minbar منبر is a raised platform in the front area of a Masjid, from which sermons or speeches are given. The minbar is located to the right of the mihrab, which marks the direction of the qiblah for prayer. The minbar is usually made of carved wood, stone, or brick. The minbar includes a short staircase leading to the top platform, which is sometimes covered by a small dome. At the bottom of the staircase there may be a gate or doorway. The speaker walks up the steps and either sits or stands on the minbar while addressing the congregation.

Why Masjid is holy or important to Muslims?

Muslims at the door of Masjid Al Nabvi (PBUH) 

 

The Masjid is an Islamic house of prayer. Masjids are of symbolic importance to the Muslims. Other than this, Masjids are teaching centers for Muslim children learning verses of the Qur'an as well as a community center.
A Masjid is symbolically important to a Muslim as it is viewed as a humble way for man to recreate pure divine presence on earth. It is the house of prayer in Islam.
The Masjid is very important to every Muslim because this is their place of worship. It also serves as a centre where Muslims come together, exchange information, resolve disputes and also get educated.

How to enter a Masjid?

Masjid in Sharjah, UAE

FaisalMasjid1

King Faisal Masjid Islamabad, Pakistan

 

When Muslims goes to a Masjid, they make Wudu, الوضوء means wash their hand, face and foot according to the way of Islam to perform prayer, the Salat. Wudu is the Islamic procedure for washing parts of the body using water, typically in preparation for formal prayers, the Salat.
Muslims are also required to be clean when handling and reading the Qur'an. The Qur'an says "Which none shall touch but those who are clean." Purification of the body and clothes is called taharah. The prophet Muhammad said that "Cleanliness is half of faith". To have taharah for the body, one should do either ghusl (ablution or bath) or Wuduʾ. Wudu is often translated as "partial ablution", as opposed to ghusl, or "full ablution". Muslim women must cover their head when they enter a Masjid. Entering a Masjid with shoes is prohibited or inappropriate.

Many Masjids around the world allow even non-Muslims to enter in the Masjid. Women should cover their hair. Again, in bigger Masjids you may borrow a headscarf to cover it, free of charge. Remove your shoes before entering a Masjid and follow instruction from the administration.